This method is a philosophy that respects the individuality of each child. It is founded on the belief that children should be free to succeed and learn without restriction or criticism. It is also an approach to education that takes to heart the needs, talents, gifts, and special individuality of each child. It is a process that helps children learn in their own way at their own pace.
The main concept of Montessori is to promote the joy of learning. This joy of learning develops a well adjusted person who has a purpose and direction in their life. Children, who experience the joy of learning, are happy, confident, fulfilled children. It helps children to become independent and self-reliant by teaching them life skills, which is called practical life.
Montessori works in a methodical way. Each step in the process leads to the next level of learning. Children are learning concepts through play. Repetition of activities is an integral part of this learning process.
For young children Montessori is a hands on approach to learning. It encourages children to develop their observation skills by doing many types of activities. These activities include use of the five senses, kinetic movement, spatial refinement, small and large motor skill coordination, and concrete knowledge that leads to later abstraction.
It is success oriented in that almost everything is self-teaching and self-correcting. The children learn by doing and by experimentation. The environment is specifically prepared for the children to allow them to interact with it freely and unfettered, everything is child sized, and safe for children to touch and use.
Montessori is to provide a stimulating, child oriented environment that children can explore, touch, and learn without fear. An understanding parent or teacher is a large part of this child's world. The end result is to encourage lifelong learning, the joy of learning, and happiness about one's path and purpose in life.